New Brunswick

Ania U., Ainsley N., Elise S., and Maggie M.
Provincial Capital
Largest City (Population and Size)
St. John, population of 70,063, size of 315.82 km2 (121.94 sq mi)
Total Population
755,868 people
Natural Resources
  • Lumber
  • Coal
Climate Zones
  • Mostly Humid Continental
  • Subarctic
Vegetation Zones
  • Mostly Mixed Forest
  • Coniferous forest
Land Use
Unique Physical Features
One unique physical feature of New Brunswick is the Appalachian Mountains that run through Canada and the United States. Another unique physical feature is the Northumberland Strait in the Southeast. The other side of the the Northumberland Strait is Prince Edward Island. One of the most prominent physical features is the Bay of Fundy in the South.
Major Languages Spoken
The majority of the population speaks English. While 33% of New Brunswick speaks French.
Interesting Attractions (What to do while in the province?)
  • Bay of Fundy - The Bay of Fundy is a bay located in between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. It has some of the largest changes in tide. You can whale watch, visit lighthouses, search for fossils or go salmon fishing.
  • Hopewell Rocks - The Hopewell Rocks are irregularly shaped rocks near the ocean. They were formed by years of tidal erosion. Here, you can view the famous rock formations known as Hopewell Rocks, explore the park, or kayak in the Bay of Fundy nearby.
  • Saint John City Market - Canada’s oldest continuing farmer’s market is located in St. John. It is on Charlotte Street and has been going on since 1876.
  • Reversing Falls - Reversing falls are a series of rapids on the St. John River. When the tide changes, the rapids actually flow backwards. A two way waterfall! It is a spectacular sight to behold.
  • Cape Enrage - Located on the southern tip of and island off New Brunswick, Cape enrage has a light house, zip lining, and abseiling.
Provincial Flag (+what it symbolizes)
The flag of New Brunswick was modeled after the province’s coat of arms. The flag was adopted by public announcement on February 24, 1965. The gold lion on the top red one-third of the page represents New Brunswick’s ties to both the Brunswick region in Germany and the Monarch of Canada. The other two-thirds of the flag depicts a traditional Scottish boat. It represents ship-building because that was one of the main industries at the time of adoption.
Pictures (+captions)
Satellite Image (Google Earth)

Fun Facts about New Brunswick
  • Highest, wildest tides in the world.
  • Warmest saltwater beaches north of Virginia.
  • Legendary salmon angling on the world-famous Miramichi River.
  • More kinds of whales more often that anywhere else.
  • Michias Seal Island (in the Bay of Fundy) is home to 900 pairs of breeding Atlantic puffins.
  • It was created as a result of the partitioning of the British colony of Nova Scotia in 1784

Provincial Items:
  • Flower - Purple Violet
  • Bird - Black-Capped Chickadee
  • Tree - Balsam Fir
  • Motto - Spem reduxit (hope was restored)
  • Soil - Holmesville